Heraclitus advanced the idea of a divine law (qeão novmo) as principle of the universe , the world logos ( lovgo ) (diels & kranz, 1959/1960 heraclitus b fr 30 ff. Parmenides and heraclitus were two contrasting philosophers who lived at roughly the same time, about 480 bc parmenides took the view that nothing changes he claimed that a goddess had shown him the way of truth versus the way of opinion, and he deduced from logical truths about the universe t. Heraclitus, like parmenides, postulated a model of nature and the universe which created the foundation for all other speculation on physics and metaphysics the ideas that the universe is in constant change and that there is an underlying order or reason to this change—the logos—form the essential foundation of the european world view. Heraclitus argued there was a single divine law of the universe, which rules and guides the cosmos this is the logos he said that the logos both underlies and governs change.
Heraclitus of ephesus ( greek : ἡράκλειτος ὁ ἐφέσιος , hērákleitos ho ephésios c 535 – c 475 bc) was a pre-socratic greek philosopher , and a native of the city of ephesus , then part of the persian empire he was of distinguished parentage little is known about his early life and education, but he regarded himself as self-taught and a pioneer of wisdom. 1) that heraclitus flourished about the 69th olympiad (500 bc), and that he was of ephesus and in part contemporaneous with parmenides: he began the separation and withdrawal of philosophers from public affairs and the interests of the country, and devoted himself in his isolation entirely to philosophy. He distinguishes between human laws and divine law (τοῦ θείου toū theiou lit of god )  by god heraclitus does not mean the judeo-christian version of a single god as primum movens of all things, god as creator, but the divine as opposed to human the immortal as opposed to the mortal, the cyclical as opposed to the transient.
Heraclitus and the divine heraclitus and the divine by jennifer peck '06 the emergence of the presocratic philosophers at the end of the sixth and beginning of the fifth centuries bc marked a period of great intellectual transition for greece. A comparison of the views of parmemides and heraclitus regarding divine law of the universe pages 2 words 768 view full essay more essays like this: heraclitus, parmenides, divine law of the universe not sure what i'd do without @kibin - alfredo alvarez, student @ miami university exactly what i needed. Heraclitus presents himself as the vehicle, rather than the author (see fr 50), of a divine logos which is uttered by him but is also something like a law which directs the natural world just as a city’s laws, which are “nurtured by the one divine law,” maintain balanced relationships among the citizens (see frs 1, 2, 114. Heraclitus was famous for his insistence on ever-present change as being the fundamental essence of the universe, as stated in the famous saying, no man ever steps in the same river twice  (see panta rhei, below.
In philosophy, being refers to the existence of a thing anything that exists has being ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies being being is a concept encompassing objective and subjective features of reality and existenceanything that partakes in being is also called a being, though often this usage is limited to entities that have subjectivity (as in the expression human. On this view heraclitus is influenced by the prior theory of material monism and by empirical observations that tend to support flux and the coincidence of opposites in a time before the development of logic, barnes concludes, heraclitus violates the principles of logic and makes knowledge impossible the divine law, on heraclitus' view. Heraclitus, like parmenides, postulated a model of nature and the universe which created the foundation for all other speculation on physics and metaphysics the ideas that the universe is in constant change and that there is an underlying order or reason to this change the logos form the essential foundation of the european world view. This epistemological theory is tightly connected to heraclitus's interesting metaphysics, according to which the world is ordered, guided, and unified by a rational structure, a single divine law, which he calls the logos. Heraclitus’ views on change and flow stand in stark contradition to the picture of the static universe presented by his predecessor parmenides (5th century bce), and fed into the work of untold philosophers from marcus aurelius (121 ad–180 ad) to friedrich nietzsche (1844-1900 ad.
Heraclitus was famous for his insistence on ever-present change as being the fundamental essence of the universe, as stated in the famous saying, no man ever steps in the same river twice (see , below. Ionian school of philosophy under this name are included a number of philosophers of the 6th and 5th centuries bc mainly ionians by birth, they are united by a local tie and represent all that was best in the early ionian intellect it is a most interesting fact in the history of greek thought. To plato and aristotle alike the universe is spatially finite it is a sphere, of which the outer portion is divine in nature, the central human and imperfect, the former through a descending series giving the law to the latter. Heraclitus is famous for his doctrine of change being central to the universe, as stated in his famous saying, you cannot step twice into the same river he believed in the unity of opposites , stating that the path up and down is one and the same, existing things being characterized by pairs of contrary properties.
The interpretation that construes logos as a “divine law” implicitly suggests that logos in the first fragment is a distinctly metaphysical, nonmaterial concept, even though it is widely acknowledged by contemporary scholarship that in the early fifth century, such a separation of material and nonmaterial beings or of a material content. Aristotle vs plato comparison aristotle and plato were philosophers in ancient greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more though many more of plato's works survived the centuries, aristotle's contributions have arguably been more influential, particul. Time in ibn ʿarabi, and from parmenides (and heraclitus) to julian barbour each particle of the universe is the subject of a divine shaʾn each day we will put a metric to this below in the same passage, ibn ʿarabi explains, here we find the meeting of heraclitus and parmenides and ibn ʿarabi.